CSS Colors


Colors are used for texts, borders and backgrounds in HTML. They are specified using predefined color names or one of the (RGB, HEX, HSL, RGBA, HSLA) values.

Color Names

HTML supports well over 100 standard color names. So, a color can be specified by its name in CSS. Here are the colors that you can specify using their name.

AliceBlue

#F0F8FF

AntiqueWhite

#FAEBD7

Aqua

#00FFFF

Aquamarine

#7FFFD4

Azure

#F0FFFF

Beige

#F5F5DC

Bisque

#FFE4C4

Black

#000000

BlanchedAlmond

#FFEBCD

Blue

#0000FF

BlueViolet

#8A2BE2

Brown

#A52A2A

BurlyWood

#DEB887

CadetBlue

#5F9EA0

Chartreuse

#7FFF00

Chocolate

#D2691E

Coral

#FF7F50

CornflowerBlue

#6495ED

Cornsilk

#FFF8DC

Crimson

#DC143C

Cyan

#00FFFF

DarkBlue

#00008B

DarkCyan

#008B8B

DarkGoldenRod

#B8860B

DarkGray / DarkGrey

#A9A9A9

DarkGreen

#006400

DarkKhaki

#BDB76B

DarkMagenta

#8B008B

DarkOliveGreen

#556B2F

DarkOrange

#FF8C00

DarkOrchid

#9932CC

DarkRed

#8B0000

DarkSalmon

#E9967A

DarkSeaGreen

#8FBC8F

DarkSlateBlue

#483D8B

DarkSlateGray / DarkSlateGrey

#2F4F4F

DarkTurquoise

#00CED1

DarkViolet

#9400D3

DeepPink

#FF1493

DeepSkyBlue

#00BFFF

DimGray / DimGrey

#696969

DodgerBlue

#1E90FF

FireBrick

#B22222

FloralWhite

#FFFAF0

ForestGreen

#228B22

Fuchsia

#FF00FF

Gainsboro

#DCDCDC

GhostWhite

#F8F8FF

Gold

#FFD700

GoldenRod

#DAA520

Gray / Grey

#808080

Green

#008000

GreenYellow

#ADFF2F

HoneyDew

#F0FFF0

HotPink

#FF69B4

IndianRed

#CD5C5C

Indigo

#4B0082

Ivory

#FFFFF0

Khaki

#F0E68C

Lavender

#E6E6FA

LavenderBlush

#FFF0F5

LawnGreen

#7CFC00

LemonChiffon

#FFFACD

LightBlue

#ADD8E6

LightCoral

#F08080

LightCyan

#E0FFFF

LightGoldenRodYellow

#FAFAD2

LightGrey

#D3D3D3

LightGreen

#90EE90

LightPink

#FFB6C1

LightSalmon

#FFA07A

LightSeaGreen

#20B2AA

LightSkyBlue

#87CEFA

LightSlateGray

#778899

LightSlateGrey

#778899

LightSteelBlue

#B0C4DE

LightYellow

#FFFFE0

Lime

#00FF00

LimeGreen

#32CD32

Linen

#FAF0E6

Magenta

#FF00FF

Maroon

#800000

MediumAquaMarine

#66CDAA

MediumBlue

#0000CD

MediumOrchid

#BA55D3

MediumPurple

#9370DB

MediumSeaGreen

#3CB371

MediumSlateBlue

#7B68EE

MediumSpringGreen

#00FA9A

MediumTurquoise

#48D1CC

MediumVioletRed

#C71585

MidnightBlue

#191970

MintCream

#F5FFFA

MistyRose

#FFE4E1

Moccasin

#FFE4B5

NavajoWhite

#FFDEAD

Navy

#000080

OldLace

#FDF5E6

Olive

#808000

OliveDrab

#6B8E23

Orange

#FFA500

OrangeRed

#FF4500

Orchid

#DA70D6

PaleGoldenRod

#EEE8AA

PaleGreen

#98FB98

PaleTurquoise

#AFEEEE

PaleVioletRed

#DB7093

PapayaWhip

#FFEFD5

PeachPuff

#FFDAB9

Peru

#CD853F

Pink

#FFC0CB

Plum

#DDA0DD

PowderBlue

#B0E0E6

Purple

#800080

RebeccaPurple

#663399

Red

#FF0000

RosyBrown

#BC8F8F

RoyalBlue

#4169E1

SaddleBrown

#8B4513

Salmon

#FA8072

SandyBrown

#F4A460

SeaGreen

#2E8B57

SeaShell

#FFF5EE

Sienna

#A0522D

Silver

#C0C0C0

SkyBlue

#87CEEB

SlateBlue

#6A5ACD

SlateGray

#708090

SlateGrey

#708090

Snow

#FFFAFA

SpringGreen

#00FF7F

SteelBlue

#4682B4

Tan

#D2B48C

Teal

#008080

Thistle

#D8BFD8

Tomato

#FF6347

Turquoise

#40E0D0

Violet

#EE82EE

Wheat

#F5DEB3

White

#FFFFFF

WhiteSmoke

#F5F5F5

Yellow

#FFFF00

YellowGreen

#9ACD32

CSS Text Color

You can use CSS colors to set the text color for HTML elements.

<p style="color: red">Hello World</p>

Hello World

CSS Background Color

You can use CSS colors to set the background color for HTML elements.

<h3 style="background: dodgerblue; padding: 30px; text-align: center; margin-bottom: 0;color:white;">Hello World</h3>
<p style="background: turquoise; padding: 10px; text-align: justify;">This is a dummy text...</p>

Hello World

This is a dummy text paragraph used by webtrickshome CSS tutorial for colors to illustrate the use of colors as dbackground for HTML elements.

CSS Border Color

You can set the color of borders too using CSS colors.

<h3 style="border:2px solid black; padding: 10px;">Hello World</h3>

Hello World

Color Values

Colors can be specified not only by their names but also by their RGB, HEX, RGBA or HSLA values too.

RGB Color Value

A color can be specified as an RGB value defining the intensity of three primary colors red, green and blue present in a color. The highest value for each of the primary colors is 255 while the lowest value is 0. Equal value of each color except the lowest and highest value creates shades of grey.

p{
  color: rgb(120,120,120);
}

RGB Color Examples

rgb(255,0,0) rgb(0,255,0) rgb(0,0,255) rgb(255,255,255) rgb(0,0,0) rgb(255,255,0) rgb(0,255,255) rgb(255,0,255)

HEX Color Value

A color can be specified using a hexadecimal value too where rr (red), gg (green) and bb (blue) are hexadecimal values between 00 and ff (same as decimal 0-255). Shades of gray are often defined using equal values for all the 3 light sources.

p{
  color: #ff0000;
}

HEX Color Examples

#ff0000 #0000ff #3cb371 #ee82ee #ffa500 #6a5acd

HSL Color Value

A color can be specified using hue, saturation and lightness (HSL) value where hue is a degree on the color wheel from 0 to 360. 0 is red, 120 is green and 240 is blue. Saturation is a percentage value where 0% means a shade of gray and 100% is the full color. Lightness is also a percentage where 0% is black, 50% is neither light or dark and 100% is white.

Shades of gray are often defined by setting the hue and saturation to 0, and adjust the lightness from 0% to 100% to get darker/lighter shades

p{
  color: hsl(0, 100%, 50%);
}

HSL Color Examples

hsl(0, 100%, 50%) hsl(240, 100%, 50%) hsl(147, 50%, 47%) hsl(300, 76%, 72%) hsl(39, 100%, 50%) hsl(248, 53%, 58%)

RGBA Color Value

RGBA color values are an extension of RGB color values with an additional alpha parameter which specifies the opacity for the color. The alpha parameter is a number between 0 and 1 where 0 is the value for fully transparent color.

p{
  color: rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.2);
}

RGBA Color Examples

rgba(255, 99, 71, 0) rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.2) rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.4) rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.6) rgba(255, 99, 71, 0.8) rgba(255, 99, 71, 1)

HSLA Color Value

HSLA color values are an extension of HSL color values with an additional alpha parameter which specifies the opacity for the color. The alpha parameter is a number between 0 and 1 where 0 is the value for fully transparent color.

p{
  color: hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.4);
}

HSLA Color Examples

hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0) hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.2) hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.4) hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.6) hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 0.8) hsla(9, 100%, 64%, 1)

HTML Color Values Generator Tools

You can find a huge number of onine color value generators like W3School HTML Color Picker or RGB Color Codes Chart or you can rely on Adobe Photoshop to get such color values.